[Beowulf] Parallel Development Tools
andrew at moonet.co.uk
Wed Oct 17 05:30:51 EDT 2007
Apt-cache with a bit of grep is a powerful tool indeed.
$apt-cache search foo | grep bar
everyone I work with however prefers yum. They regard Debian as being
a bit backward.
On 17/10/2007, Tim Cutts <tjrc at sanger.ac.uk> wrote:
> On 16 Oct 2007, at 10:19 pm, Robert G. Brown wrote:
> > On Tue, 16 Oct 2007, Jon Tegner wrote:
> >> You should switch to a .deb-system, to save you some trouble:
> >> $ apt-cache search jove
> >> jove - Jonathan's Own Version of Emacs - a compact, powerful editor
> >> Sorry, couldn't resist ;-)
> > Hey, it's ok. I'm actually trisystemal. FC 6 on top (soon to jump to
> > 8, but in no hurry), VMware, then debian and XP Pro VM. And yes,
> > it was
> > a good thing debian already had jove as I still don't really know
> > how to
> > build debian packages,
> If you want a good introduction to debian packages and how they work,
> then I recommend Martin Krafft's book "The Debian System". I've been
> a Debian Developer for ten years, and that book still teaches me
> useful stuff about Debian on a regular basis.
> The chapter on packaging is superb; it teaches you how to make
> packages from the ground up, so you really understand how they work,
> starting with the basic fact that fundamentally a debian binary
> package is an ar archive which contains two tarballs. One,
> data.tar.gz contains the files belonging to the package. The other,
> control.tar.gz, contains the scripts and information about the
> package used by the packaging tools, and at a minimum this contains
> two files: DEBIAN/control, which contains the information about the
> package (description, dependencies and whatnot) and DEBIAN/md5sums
> which is, as you'd expect, a list of md5sums of all the plain files
> in the package.
> Once he's shown you how to build a Debian package manually like that,
> he then shows you how to do it the more normal way using the various
> wrapper scripts that Debian provides for the purpose to make life a
> bit easier (and to help enforce the Debian policy on packages)
> Debian doesn't really have a source package idea like Red Hat -
> instead, when you use "apt-get source" to download the source for a
> package you get three files; the upstream tarball, which is
> completely unmodified from upstream. You also get a gzipped patch,
> and a description file containing md5sums for the patch and the
> tarball, amongst other things. Typically, the patch creates a debian
> directory within the upstream source directory, and inside that
> debian directory is a file called "rules". This is just a normal
> makefile, containing all the instructions for configuring, compiling
> and packaging the software on a Debian system. Once you have one of
> these things, building the .debs is just a matter of typing:
> dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot
> or something similar. There are still fancier things available for
> doing this by keeping the sources and debian/* files in a CVS,
> subversion or other revision control repository. I use these in my
> own package management activities to be able to go back and build
> previous releases when users report bugs against them.
> > and manage to get myself confused by apt tools
> I can sympathise. I've only started using aptitude since etch came
> out, and it's taken me some time to get used to, but now that I am, I
> quite like it, for the most part. Especially the etch version, the
> version of it in sarge had some really annoying behaviour under
> certain circumstances.
> > (I'm too used to yum). But there is no doubt:
> > a) Debian is a perfectly useful, fully functional variety of linux,
> > and I have been painfully taught to bow down before its selection of
> > available packages, which is for all practical purposes inexhaustible.
> > In fact, you need a search engine with powerful features even to go
> > shopping amongst them.
> ... which fortunately it provides for you. It's called apt-cache.
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