[Beowulf] KVM to a compute node

Mike Davis jmdavis at mail2.vcu.edu
Thu Jun 3 12:54:17 EDT 2004


The fact is that you can absolutely dispense with KVM for compute nodes 
with the right setup. I have several clusters which only have video 
connected at the head and 2 with KVM to all nodes.

The serial only clusters use cyclades switches connected to each serial 
port. To reach an individual node you can use minicom from the head. 
This works during bootup as well. As long as the machine has power and 
the serial port is not locked you can get in.

Other remote reboot options include apc power switches which can be 
remotely cycled. I use these as well on most of my clusters.

Mike Davis





Mark Hahn wrote:

>>These USB->serial boxes work fine with linux (ours uses the ftdi_sio kernel
>>    
>>
>
>sounds a bit fragile to me.  if I really wanted serial on a bunch of boxes,
>I'd be most tempted to simply have box N plugged into box N+1.  and use a 
>script to do the appropriate connection, of course.
>
>  
>
>>We use kermit to log on the local console to each machine, and have aliases
>>for the combination of ssh (to the server) and kermit on the right tty. 
>>    
>>
>
>eeew, why do people still use grossness like kermit for such a simple task?
>here's a bit of serial-port plumbing I wrote over a decade ago (gulp!)
>that works on any unix machine.  feel free to hack it to your port
>names/speeds/etc, remove the silly logging, etc.
>
>/* written by Mark Hahn <hahn at mcmaster.ca> */
>#include <unistd.h>
>#include <sys/time.h>
>#include <fcntl.h>
>#include <stdio.h>
>#include <termios.h>
>#include <stdarg.h>
>
>double gtod() {
>    struct timeval tv;
>    gettimeofday(&tv,0);
>    return tv.tv_sec + 1e-6 * tv.tv_usec;
>}
>double startTime;
>double ts() { 
>    if (startTime == 0.0)
>	startTime = gtod();
>    return gtod() - startTime;
>}
>
>FILE *fpLog = 0;
>void log(char *format,...) {
>    va_list ap;
>    va_start(ap,format);
>
>    if (!fpLog)
>	fpLog = fopen("debug.log","a");
>    fprintf(fpLog,"%2.8f: ",ts());
>    vfprintf(fpLog,format,ap);
>    va_end(ap);
>    fflush(fpLog);
>}
>void fatal(char *format,...) {
>    static FILE *fpLog = 0;
>    va_list ap;
>    va_start(ap,format);
>
>    if (!fpLog)
>	fpLog = fopen("debug.log","a");
>    fprintf(fpLog,"%2.8f: ",ts());
>    vfprintf(fpLog,format,ap);
>    va_end(ap);
>    fclose(fpLog);
>    exit(0);
>}
>
>int 
>main() {
>    struct termios t, tOrg;
>    int fdSer = open("/dev/tty01", O_RDWR);
>
>    log("starting...\n");
>
>    if (fdSer == -1) {
>	perror("open of serial device failed");
>	return 1;
>    }
>    log("opened...\n");
>
>    t.c_iflag = IGNBRK | INPCK;
>    t.c_oflag = 0;
>    t.c_cflag = CS8 | CREAD | CLOCAL | CSTOPB;
>    t.c_lflag = 0;
>    cfsetispeed(&t,B19200);
>    cfsetospeed(&t,B19200);
>    tcsetattr(fdSer,TCSANOW,&t);
>
>    log("serial attr set...\n");
>
>    tcgetattr(0,&t);
>    tOrg = t;
>    t.c_iflag = 0;
>    t.c_lflag = 0;
>    t.c_cc[VTIME] = 1;
>    t.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
>    tcsetattr(0,TCSANOW,&t);
>
>    log("console attr set...\n");
>    
>    while (1) {
>#define bufSize 4096
>	unsigned char buf[bufSize+1];
>	struct timeval timeout;
>	fd_set readset;
>
>	timeout.tv_sec = 10;
>	timeout.tv_usec = 0;
>
>	FD_ZERO(&readset);
>	FD_SET(0,&readset);
>	FD_SET(fdSer,&readset);
>
>	log("about to select...\n");
>
>	if (select(fdSer+1,&readset,0,0,&timeout) == -1)
>	    continue;
>
>	if (FD_ISSET(0,&readset)) {
>	    log("stdin readable...\n");
>
>	    int c = read(0,buf,bufSize);
>	    if (c > 0) {
>		buf[c] = 0;	
>	        log("got %d bytes from stdin: '%s'...\n",c,buf);
>
>		static unsigned char prev = 0;
>	        log("prev is %02x\n\n",prev);
>		if (prev == 0x1d && buf[0] == 'q')
>		    break;
>		prev = buf[0];
>	        log("writing to serial...\n");
>		write(fdSer,buf,c);
>	        log("serial write done...\n");
>	    }
>	}
>	if (FD_ISSET(fdSer,&readset)) {
>	    log("serial readable...\n");
>	    int c = read(fdSer,buf,bufSize);
>	    if (c > 0) {
>		buf[c] = 0;	
>	        log("got %d bytes from serial: '%s'...\n",c,buf);
>		write(1,buf,c);
>	        log("stdout write done...\n");
>	    }
>	}
>    }
>    tcsetattr(0,TCSANOW,&tOrg);
>    return 0;
>}
>
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>
>  
>


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